International Everest Day is observed on May 29 every year. It is observed on this day as Nepalese Tenzing Norgay and New Zealand’s Edmund Hillary had climbed the Mt. Everest on this day in 1953. They were the first humans to scale the height. In 2008, Nepal decided to observe the day as International Everest Day after Edmund Hillary died. Since then, every year, Mount Everest Day is observed in Nepal with processions and memorial events in Kathmandu, Nepal and the Everest region.
Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal, become the first humans to reach the summit of Mount Everest, that lies at 29,035 feet above the sea on May 29, 1953, at 11:30 am. It is the highest point on Earth and the highest peaks of the Great Himalayas in Asia. Everest lies on the border between Nepal and Tibet. It is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. Also, the international border between Nepal and China runs across its summit point.
As per the records, Edmund and Tenzing were a part of the ninth British expedition to Mount Everest. The first base camp that was set up by the expedition led by John Hunt was put in South Col in March 1953.
In his autobiography, Norgay revealed that Edmund was the first one to step on the summit and he followed him. As per the book published in 1955, the duo reached the peak of the highest mountain at 11:30 am and were there for about a period of 15 minutes.
Edmund was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II and Tenzing was conferred with the prestigious George Medal for their achievement.
While Tibetians call it Chomo-Lungma, or ‘Mother Goddess of the Land’ by the Tibetans, the English named the mountain after Sir George Everest, a 19th-century British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843. In Nepali, it is called Sagarmatha. The Mt. Everest Day celebration has been an important part of Nepal tourism. Often ministers, climbers, those in the tourism industry and government officials.
Last year, on International Everest Day 2020, Tenzing Hillary Everest Marathon was organised in Kathmandu. Around 100 people including 45 foreign nationals participated in the race. It was organised by Adventure Sports Tourism Society in collaboration with the Nepal Tourism Board (NTB). The marathon had started from the Everest Base Camp.