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Central Asian Geopolitics with focus on Uzbekistan and Afghanistan

NEW DELHI

Central Asia mainly comprises the five land-locked post-Soviet sovereign republics namely Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. While Kazakhstan is the largest country of the region by area, Uzbekistan is the largest by population.

Afghanistan shares borders with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The volatile situation in Afghanistan has posed renewed challenges for Central Asia.

A Session on Central Asian Geopolitics with focus on Uzbekistan and Afghanistan was organized by Tillotoma Foundation on 23rd November, 2021.

Dr Akram Umarov, one of the leading analysts of Central Asia from Uzbekistan and Ms Tanisha Acharya, Coordinator, Tillotoma Foundation participated in this erudite discussion. Dr Umarov is presently a Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the University of Pittsburgh.

Tillotoma Foundation is a global think tank working in the areas of International Relations, area studies, Financial, Environmental, Scientific, Strategic & Defence Policy. Tillotoma Foundation has a significant focus on Central Asia and the post-Soviet space.

Central Asia mainly comprises the five land-locked post-Soviet sovereign republics namely Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. While Kazakhstan is the largest country of the region by area, Uzbekistan is the largest by population. Afghanistan shares borders with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The volatile situation in Afghanistan has posed renewed challenges for Central Asia.

Dr Umarov covered the recent major geopolitical challenges for Central Asia as well as threw light on the role of Uzbekistan in this regard. He mentioned the ongoing border disputes between Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan; and Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. He also mentioned the challenge of countering organized crime in Central Asia.

He also spoke about the volatile Afghanistan scenario and its impact on Central Asia. Ms Acharya and Dr Umarov discussed the role of multilateral forums like the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) or Collective Security Treaty Organizations (CSTO) in fostering greater regional cooperation and resolving disputes.

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