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Debate on Democracy: No One’s Monopoly on Democracy is Acceptable

At the same time, the world is divided into two poles for the definition of democracy and copyright. The conflict between two powers on the issue of democracy is rising ahead. Who has the patent of democracy?

On December 9 and 10, US president Joe Biden hosted the Virtual summit in name of Summit for Democracy. The much-anticipated summit, however, has been criticized. That, too, is reasonable.

The fact that US foreign policy is centred on spreading democracy, albeit through word of mouth, is reminiscent of George W. Bush’s disastrous efforts. The US is playing ‘Democracy Card’ on countering China and Russia. The summit is no more for enhancing the democracy but only the “US tactic” to enlist other countries in a program targeted against the rising power; China. The summit seems to have only aimed to spread anti-communist philosophy, as the previous anti-Soviet was now anti-China.

The US double standard on democracy appears to be unchanged. Participants in the summit among 110 countries, Nepal with India, Maldives, and Pakistan are included from South Asia. But, The People’s Republic of China (PRC); the immediate neighbour of Nepal as well as India and Pakistan were missing. Rather, the US invited to Taiwan be an integral part of the PRC which claimed to be the Republic of China (ROC).

President Biden on his first foreign policy speech in February this year had announced to host the summit on democracy.

The participation list The list also includes countries such as the Philippines and Poland. Where rights activists have been criticizing democracy. While Japan and South Korea are participating, Thailand and Vietnam are not on the list.

Israel and Iraq have been invited to the conference. Egypt and NATO member Turkey have not been invited. The participation of the ‘Middle East (Arab nations)’ in the conference is low.

Rights groups say the problem is the list of countries invited to the conference. He said it not only called into question the credibility of the conference but also linked it to US national security interests, such as blocking China’s influence. It was clear that the strategy was to China. So,  China’s neighbours India and the Philippines have been called in where democracy is lagging and depriving.

US leaders want India to be an active member of the targeted control policy against China. Both the Trump and Biden administrations have called for the transformation of the Japan-Australia-India-US into a military alliance for the same purpose in name of the quad. The number of joint military exercises conducted by the Quad is increasing.

Brazil is a major economic and political player in the Western Hemisphere. And, the United States has been concerned about the activities of President Jair Bolsonaro’s government, particularly Brazil’s growing economic ties with Russia and China. In this geopolitical context, Biden administration officials will not allow the flaws in the government of these two countries to become an obstacle to a strategic objective.

For small countries, no matter how big the question of the credibility of democracy arises, the second way to be invited to the US Democracy Summit is to turn a blind eye to important international issues. Poland and Ukraine were invited to the summit, but NATO member Hungary was not invited. This can be taken as an example.

According to a 2021 report by Human Rights Watch, members of the judiciary in Poland have been attacked by the government. It is also mentioned that the government is increasing its control over the press. It is mentioned that the government and the ruling party have targeted the critical media and journalists. Poland has also closed the border to immigrants seeking asylum in Belarus.
Also in July, the Justice Minister announced that he would withdraw from the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention and Combating Violence Against Women and Domestic Violence. He described the convention as “dangerous”.

Similarly, this month china has released three white papers on democracy.  The first is  “The State of Democracy in America” and the second is ” China: Democracy That Works .” And last, China’s society for human rights studies report on, the Limitation and Drawbacks of American Democracy.

Just before, the Beijing International Club organized a dialogue program on democracy. Speaking on the occasion, Chinese Assistant Foreign Minister Li Yuchang accused “They have used democracy as a political weapon for their selfish ends and it is dividing the world into smaller pieces. It will kill the very spirit of democracy.”

China has described the second weakness of US democracy as “bad and chaotic”. In the name of democracy, narcissism is on the rise in the United States and minorities are being attacked. At the same time, in the name of democracy, China has portrayed the tragic management of COVID-19 as a failure of American democracy.

The US is interfering in the internal affairs of other countries in the name of democracy. Afghanistan is an example of a deepening humanitarian crisis in the name of exporting American brands of democracy. The humanitarian crisis in Iraq and Syria and the killings are also in the US interest, according to the Chinese document.

Although the United States claims to be the “light of democracy”, But the same light is flaming democracy worldwide. “Any attempt to advance a single or absolute model of democracy, to use democracy as a weapon in international relations, or to advocate factional politics and factional conflict would be a violation of the spirit of unity and cooperation,” China said in a statement.

China has claimed that the Chinese model works for the people of the world.

“Democracy also comes in many forms in a world rich in diversity. China’s democracy is also flourishing with other countries in the garden of civilization, “said a document on Chinese democracy released by China.” China is ready to share its experience in advancing world politics.

The world’s largest community election was held in China, in 2016 and 2017, 900 million voters reportedly participated in the township county-level elections. There were 32,000 townships and 2,850 counties. The document states that more than 248,000 deputies have been directly elected.

The next report by The China Society for Human Rights Studies accused US democracy of being a capitalist democracy based on its political characteristics and ideology.

As the, US democracy is having a double standard. The US of backing the Arab Spring in the Gulf, the political crisis in Ukraine, and the separatist protests in Hong Kong in the name of democracy.

The double standards under American democracy are manifested in its treatment of street politics and the freedom of the press.

“In China’s Hong Kong, aided by external forces, separatists launched a slew of riots, including storming the Legislative Council, attacking the police and innocent people, and besieging the building of the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR),” the report stated, ” The American people took the streets to condemn the social ills of racism. In response, American politicians “righteously” denounced it as a “riot.” When some members of the populace dissatisfied with Trump’s defeat occupied the Capitol, politicians such as Pelosi labelled it as a “violent campaign” and “rebellion” without hesitation. ”

First, the U.S. operates double standards for street politics. The US used democracy as the tool of imposing blockades around the world to impose “its own model” of democracy.

“If we assert that there is only one democratic model in the world, it is in itself anti-democratic,” says the report.

Democracy also has the right to choose what democracy should be, the citizens of all countries should be able to freely advance democratic development with their characteristics and contribute their wisdom and power to the diversity of political achievements.

Where we are?

Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba addressed at the conference that was held by Biden, democratic transition, and the lessons acquired.

He also spoke on Nepal’s achievement in using dialogue to resolve complicated political disagreements. Prime Minister Deuba emphasized the importance of democracy in achieving the people’s goals. He stated that Nepal has prioritized the economic agenda to ensure the long-term viability of democracy.

Every country must pick its democratic model, just as China is doing in creating its democratic model and progressing toward socialism. Nepal’s constitution declares it to be a socialist country. Nepal’s foreign policy, on the other hand, is built on the notion of non-alignment. Based on the experience of other democratic models around the world, it is vital to establish a model that is tailored to the needs of its environment, as China has done.

No one can claim to have a monopoly on democracy. Democracy is a method of resolving people’s concerns on their behalf. The problem of the American people could be one thing, and the problem of the Nepalese people could be something else entirely. As a result, one’s democratic model will not be able to tackle the problem of a country in a different circumstance. And it’s not going to work.

Dhakal holds a Master’s degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from Tribhuvan University and a Master’s degree in Public Administration from the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC). And works as Diplomatic Correspondent at PahiloPost Kathamandu. 

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