India-China: ‘What is McMahon Line’, why are relations not improving on India-China border?

by kaarthik shankar
india china

The dispute between India and China on the border is continuously increasing. Recently, there has been a standoff between the two countries in Arunachal Pradesh. Let us know what is the McMahon Line and why there is a dispute with China on the border?

The dispute between India and China on the border is continuously increasing. Recently, there has been a standoff between the two countries in Arunachal Pradesh. Let us know what is the McMahon Line and why there is a dispute with China on the border? Due to the expansionist policy of China, there are often disputes on the border with it.

Arunachal Pradesh belongs to India, but China shows it in its map. There is a dispute between India and China regarding this too. Aksai Chin belongs to India, but China has occupied it. This is also a reason for controversy. Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) belongs to India. But it is under the control of Pakistan. Out of that, Shaksgam Valley which Pakistan has given to China is also ours.

mcmahon line

The McMahon Line is a geographical border between the Northeast India and Tibet, coined by Henry MacMahon at the 1914 Simla Convention.

There is a dispute between India and China regarding this too. The first dispute started between India and China from the year 1950. Then China started telling Tibet which was a part of India as its territory. To maintain peace on LAC, there have been five important agreements between India and China in three decades. The first agreement was signed in 1993. After that in 1996 another agreement was signed. Then there were agreements in 2005, 2012 and 2013. Even after this the relations did not improve.

The McMahon Line was between India and Tibet

The McMahon boundary line was fixed between India and Tibet in 1914. But since China has acquired Tibet, this line is located between India and China. There is often a dispute about the border here. The length of this line is about 890 kilometers between India and China. The line was named after McMahon Henry McMahon. Because it was he who drew the line on behalf of India in the Shimla Agreement. This line is connected to the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir.

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