The world is controlled by diplomacy among the 193 sovereign members, which are the members of the United Nations as well as the UN General Assembly. Though it is a globalized event, it begins in a much-regionalized form nowadays as the more you are attached with your neighbors in the region, the more you can be vocal regarding your regional problems in the UN.
Almost all the parts of the world are experiencing greater regional ties. EU as the pioneer of regionalism, ASEAN, AU, NAFTA, GCC, Indo-Pacific is few names among the list of regional organizations. Though their aim and activities do vary in a great manner, they do operate on the basis of regionalism.
The world’s most populated region South Asia seemed to lag behind in this trend of regionalism. Though the countries situated in the region share quite common history and culture with similar religious and lingual diversity, still South Asia was known as “the region without regionalism” till the recent past.
However, despite the lack of very clear identification, today one can bring proof of the existence of South Asia by naming SAARC’s member states which are, Afghanistan-Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Maldives- Nepal-Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. (SAARC Charter, 1985).
Today, geopolitical tension among these countries, alongside multifaceted social and incentive mechanisms have created barriers to collaboration at national, institutional, and in the long history of science diplomacy in this region, the present state is not very promising, as makers are much aware of and active in advancing diplomacy.
South Asian countries from their own history, but also the successes of science diplomacy in other countries. For inst an intergovernmental organization called the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC is neither an active nor eﬀective organization.
- Global warming and climate change
- Atmospheric pollution
- Water scarcity and degradation
- Natural disasters, especially ﬂoods
- Public health and infectious disease control
- Biodiversity loss
- Food insecurity
- Depletion of energy resources and renewable energy
- The creation and spread of misinformation
- Gender inequity, including in the scientiﬁc community
COVID-19 and Health Diplomacy
South Asian countries have, however, shown a new spirit of collaboration in ﬁghting the COVID-19 relationships through SAARC. A video conference among heads of state of SAARC member c was a positive move, sending a signal across the highly disintegrated region that the organization conference initiated a COVID-19 Emergency Fund of US$21.8 million, with proportionate contestants.
Though there was a diﬀerence of opinion regarding the fund’s operating mechanisms, India ﬁrst” strategy for vaccine distribution and joined hands with neighboring countries for the pro those vaccines National leaders have since proposed several collaborative strategies to tackle the pandemic.
- shared telemedicine technology to provide healthcare in remote areas,
- creating synergy am agencies,
- developing a long-term economic revival plan for the region,
- setting up increased cooperation, as well as a working group of national authorities to exchange inform creating social awareness, and
- creating a central depository to gather and disseminate
In another conference of senior health professionals from the region, speciﬁc protocols were ag people crossing national borders, arranging online training for emergency response teams, for through a shared electronic platform, and exchanging information among health professionals Exchange Platform (IPE).
The SAARC Disaster Management Centre created a dedicated website including daily coronavirus updates from the member countries. These short-term collaborate term beneﬁts by strengthening regional institutions, improving regional infrastructure and policy, and developing cross-boundary solutions to shared issues such as cross-border tension. Science advisors and diplomats are skilled people in pursuit of scientiﬁc and political solutions ﬁnd by liaising with people all over the world.
For example, proper screening of people at the sharing epidemiological data greatly contributes to the timely prevention and control of infect together of countries of the region in diplomatic forums that advocate for and initiate diploma for diplomacy to tackle public health problems is a core principle of global health diplomacy.
Negotiation, an understanding of applied science, and cross-cultural competency are essential attachés in global health diplomacy. Furthermore, an approach that eﬀectively links health both diplomatic and regional health professionals develop skills and resources in service of the wake of emerging and re-emerging health problems in South Asia, foreign policy.
COVID-19 will not be the world’s last pandemic, and infectious disease experts and the WHO are preparations for the next. South Asian countries must jointly devise policies and improve collab prepare for the future.
Fighting the COVID-19
The spread of COVID-19 in South Asia has also given rise to a vast amount of dis- and misinformation includes conspiracy theories, stories playing down the severity of the disease, for instance, that drinking hot water keeps COVID-19.
While this infodemic is global, there are region-speciﬁc challenges in South Asia. Millions of people have propagated misinformation with friends and family members over Facebook, WhatsApp, Viber, and other Second, most South Asian governments do not have a clear, strong policy against the propaganda Existing tools to reduce the spread of malicious content online.
South Asia is religious. Much misinformation takes advantage of people’s religiosity, by beliefs or community identity, making it even more diﬃcult to contain. Only a few religions s in the digital sphere and can help stem the tide of misinformation. It is the responsibility of scientists, governments, and technology platforms to take measures against misinformation.
- Countries of the region should engage in diplomacy for combined and eﬀec passing laws against knowingly spreading misinformation,
- developing software to detect
- people aware of misinformation and discouraging them from spreading it, and
- making misinformation upfront.
Changing the Mindsets of South Asians
In the South Asian region, the mindsets of both the public and changed. The region is very complex geopolitically, with a history that gave rise to conservative mindsets. Such mindsets create barriers and hostility among neighbors. Public understanding collaboration among South Asian countries is therefore limited. Some scientists are progressive they would be honored to contribute to the betterment of overall South Asian communities. anti-nationalist by their more conservative colleagues and peers.
It is important to promote awareness that countries facing similar challenges can solve them m with neighbors rather than extra-regional partners, given the higher costs and longer time req In brief, win-win thinking needs to be spread among people, policymakers, and politicians into collaboration within the region.
Politicians in the region have so far not ensured suﬃcient cooperation and collaboration among diplomacy can potentially play a valuable role in strengthening international relations builders, driven by evidence, generally respected, and seeking to serve humanity across scientiﬁc communities from all eight countries must engage in science diplomacy to build brid societies, and nations and elevate the role of science in foreign policy to address national.