The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in China has faced challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) remains a key partner in China’s investment. ASEAN’s strategic location, economic prowess, and infrastructure projects make it a key partner in China’s BRI plans.
However, concerns over debt sustainability and environmental impacts have led some ASEAN nations to reevaluate their participation in BRI projects. Competition from other international players, such as Japan and the United States, also poses challenges. The post-pandemic economic landscape is marked by uncertainties, necessitating flexibility in project financing and execution.
China has shown a willingness to engage in dialogue and address concerns raised by partner countries. Despite the challenges, the BRI-ASEAN partnership remains strong, with the region’s strategic location, economic potential, and commitment to infrastructure development making it a key player in China’s BRI vision. The enduring ties between China and ASEAN signal a promising future for this ambitious infrastructure initiative.
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), launched by China in 2013, aimed to connect China to Europe, Africa, and beyond through railways, roads, and ports. However, the global economic slowdown, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, has disrupted supply chains, hampered economic growth, and affected infrastructure investment. Chinese overseas investment, including BRI projects, has experienced a significant deceleration due to uncertainties.
ASEAN, a 10-member regional bloc, has remained a strong partner in China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The region’s strategic location along major trade routes makes it an ideal partner for the BRI, providing a natural corridor for infrastructure development and facilitating goods movement. ASEAN’s combined GDP of over $3 trillion and burgeoning middle class make it an attractive destination for Chinese investors.
ASEAN countries have enthusiastically embraced BRI-related infrastructure projects, such as the China-Laos Railway and Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway, enhancing regional connectivity and stimulating economic growth. China’s trade with ASEAN has surged, and in 2020, ASEAN overtook the European Union as China’s largest trading partner. China’s commitment to strengthening diplomatic ties with ASEAN nations has bolstered cooperation on the BRI front, with regular high-level meetings and dialogues ensuring a conducive environment for investment.
China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) projects in ASEAN are shifting from large-scale infrastructure to focusing on sustainability and environmental responsibility. This aligns with ASEAN’s priorities for green growth. Digital infrastructure projects, like 5G networks and data centres, are also gaining prominence, opening new avenues for cooperation in e-commerce, fintech, and smart city development.