Foreign Affairs
China’s Role in Global Development: A Shared Future

China’s “Role in Global Development: A Shared Future” concept is a part of its foreign policy and international engagement strategy, aiming to play a more prominent role in global development and governance. China has invested heavily in infrastructure projects, such as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), to promote connectivity and trade between China and other nations.

It has also committed to addressing climate change, reducing its carbon emissions and investing in renewable energy and green technologies. China supports multilateralism, advocating for a stronger role for international organizations like the United Nations and promoting diplomacy and peaceful conflict resolution.

China has successfully lifted millions of people out of poverty within its borders and is committed to sharing its development experience with other developing countries. It promotes cultural exchange programs, such as the Confucius Institutes, to foster mutual understanding and people-to-people connections.

China also emphasizes South-South cooperation to collectively address global challenges and promote shared development. However, critics argue that China’s role in global development is not without controversy, including issues like debt sustainability, political implications, and human rights issues.

China’s New Foreign Policy Blueprint, titled “Global Community of Shared Future,” aims to create a better world through friendly, accommodating, and transparent policies. The blueprint challenges the idea that strong countries naturally seek hegemony and suggests that China’s aggressiveness is not due to its growth. China’s foreign policy is characterized by “Double Standards and Double Speak,” but the reality is that it has never accepted that once a country becomes strong enough, it will invariably seek hegemony.

China’s influence in Central Asian Republics (CAR) is significant, as it borders Afghanistan, Iran, China, and the Caspian Sea. The Russia-Ukraine conflict and Western sanctions have forced China to search for alternatives, leading to projects through the CAR. China has also established diplomatic relations with the Taliban, making it the first to enter Afghanistan and establish diplomatic relations with the Taliban.

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Beijing aims to create global opportunities, but has faced criticism for its debt traps and threats, making it a potential ‘Shylock’ of the East. The upcoming BRI meeting in Beijing, attended by 152 nations, could set the stage for future exits from China’s global trade and infrastructure initiative. The current Italian government does not consider its BRI membership to have sufficiently benefited its economy, suggesting no country should hope for others to fail.

However, China is proving to be the 21st-century ‘Shylock’, and Xi is likely to make his BRI initiative more attractive in the future. The security deficit described as “glaring” in the blueprint is attributed to the Cold War mindset of some powers, such as China bullying its neighbors along land borders and South China Sea nations. Recent Chinese provocations in Galwan have raised concerns about China’s intentions and the need for India to be prepared for potential events.

China’s approach to international conflicts is criticized for its double standard of double speak, leading to concerns about future conflicts between India and China. This double standard has led to calls for democracy and an end to selective application of international law. China has blocked India and its allies from listing Pakistan-based terrorists, such as Sajid Mir, for his involvement in the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist attacks. Despite not seeking overseas bases, China is constructing islands in disputed territory in the South China Sea.

The paper highlights the importance of peace, development, cooperation, and mutual cooperation as One Country Two Systems. The BRICS grouping, which includes Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, also uses double speak in its pronouncements, with the tone manipulated to favor the Chinese agenda. Diplomatic double speak has been an integral component of Chinese foreign policy over the years.

Earth is facing significant crises that threaten civilization’s survival. The world is recognizing the need for sustainable development, with China and India playing key roles. China is committed to implementing 25% of the blueprint for a peaceful world, while India supports this. The world must follow the G-20 Summit theme and China’s New Foreign Policy Blueprint for a better world, aiming for a “Global Community of Shared Future.”

China’s Global Vision: A Shared Future Community

China’s “Community of Shared Future for Humanity” or “Community of Common Destiny” is a global concept promoting mutual cooperation and shared responsibility among nations. It aims for a world where nations work together to address global challenges and promote development, peace, and prosperity. China’s vision is based on peace, development, cooperation, and win-win outcomes.

Peace is emphasized through peaceful means, rejecting force or coercion in international relations. Development is emphasized through initiatives like the Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to reduce poverty and improve living standards. Cooperation is encouraged through dialogue, collaboration, and sharing of resources and expertise. Finally, China believes in the pursuit of mutually beneficial outcomes, ensuring that cooperation benefits all parties involved, rather than one-sided gains. This vision holds significant implications for the world and the international community.

China’s vision of a Community of Shared Future has significant global implications. It has strengthened diplomatic ties and increased cooperation through partnerships and shared responsibility. The BRI, a flagship initiative, has increased infrastructure development and trade among participating nations, aiming to reduce transportation costs, promote economic growth, and enhance regional integration.

China advocates for a more equitable and inclusive global governance system, giving developing countries a greater voice in international organizations like the United Nations. It encourages cultural exchanges and people-to-people connections to foster mutual understanding and respect among nations. The concept emphasizes joint efforts to tackle global challenges, including climate change, public health crises, and poverty alleviation. However, the concept has faced criticism and challenges, including concerns about China’s growing influence and questions about how China’s human rights record aligns with the principles of the Community of Shared Future.

The “Community of Common Destiny”: China’s Vision for a Shared Global Future

The “Community of Common Destiny” concept, introduced by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2012, aims to redefine global cooperation and China’s role on the world stage. The concept emphasizes shared prosperity, mutual cooperation, and win-win outcomes for all nations, transcending geographical, political, and cultural differences. Key principles of the concept include peace and development, win-win cooperation, respect for sovereignty, inclusivity and multilateralism, and shared environmental responsibility.

Peace and development are central to the concept, emphasizing dialogue and negotiation over force to resolve conflicts and promote economic development to lift nations out of poverty. China promotes win-win cooperation through initiatives like the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), promoting infrastructure development and economic connectivity among participating countries. Respect for sovereignty is a key principle, as China opposes interference in the internal affairs of other nations.

Inclusivity and multilateralism are also key principles, advocating for a more democratic and equitable international order. China seeks to strengthen institutions like the United Nations and promote a multipolar world where no single country dominates global affairs. Finally, China emphasizes shared responsibility for environmental protection and sustainable development, including addressing climate change and preserving biodiversity.

The concept of the Community of Common Destiny has significantly influenced China’s foreign policy, particularly through its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a massive infrastructure and economic development project spanning Asia, Europe, and Africa. The BRI aims to promote connectivity, trade, and development among participating nations, aligning with the idea of win-win cooperation. China has actively engaged in diplomacy promoting this concept, offering economic incentives, technical assistance, and cooperation.

It has advocated for reforms in international organizations to better reflect the interests of developing countries and promote a more balanced international order, aligning with principles of inclusivity and multilateralism. China has also become more involved in conflict resolution, such as its efforts in the South China Sea and the Korean Peninsula, emphasizing peaceful resolution and non-interference. However, critics argue that China may use this concept to advance its own interests, potentially leading to a China-centric global order.

China’s Vision: Building a Global Community

Introduced by President Xi Jinping in 2013, this concept emphasizes cooperation, inclusivity, and shared responsibility in international relations. It posits that in an interconnected world, the destiny of all nations is closely intertwined, promoting mutual respect and win-win interactions.

China’s vision is based on the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty, win-win cooperation, inclusion and multilateralism, ecological civilization, and cultural exchanges. China opposes interference in the internal affairs of other countries and advocates for a world where nations make decisions independently. It promotes the idea that economic and social development should be a collaborative effort, with countries pursuing shared interests.

China also places great emphasis on multilateral institutions like the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, seeking to reform and strengthen them for collective decision-making. China’s vision for a shared future has gained support from many nations, but it faces scepticism and criticism. Critics argue that China may use the concept to advance its interests and expand its influence. The concept also faces challenges in practice due to geopolitical tensions and differing ideologies among nations. Balancing national interests with shared future ideals remains a complex task.

However, China’s promotion of the concept has significantly impacted its role in international affairs, becoming a leading advocate for globalization and free trade. Its active participation in global governance has increased its influence in international organizations. China has also taken on a more prominent role in addressing global crises.

China’s Remarkable Contribution to Global Development

China has become a global powerhouse in recent decades, reshaping diplomacy, trade, and infrastructure. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), launched in 2013, aims to connect Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East through a network of railways, roads, ports, and pipelines. The BRI aims to boost economic growth, reduce poverty, and enhance cultural exchange across diverse regions. Critics have raised concerns about debt sustainability and environmental impact, but China has shown willingness to address these issues through refinancing agreements and green development initiatives.

China has also played a crucial role in addressing global health challenges, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Chinese pharmaceutical companies developed vaccines, such as Sinopharm and Sinovac, which have been distributed worldwide. China’s commitment to equitable vaccine access has contributed significantly to the global fight against the virus, particularly in low- and middle-income nations.

China has aligned its development agenda with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), recognizing the importance of addressing global challenges such as poverty, climate change, and inequality. Domestic policies, such as poverty alleviation campaigns and environmental conservation efforts, have made significant progress towards these global objectives. China’s commitment to renewable energy has led to the rapid expansion of solar and wind power capacity, reducing global carbon emissions.

China’s global contribution to development goes beyond economics and infrastructure. It has promoted cultural exchange and educational cooperation through initiatives like Confucius Institutes and scholarships for international students. These programs have fostered a global network of talent and knowledge exchange, building bridges between nations. China has also actively provided humanitarian aid and disaster relief to countries in need, assisting in poverty alleviation and natural disaster response.

Through organizations like the China International Development Cooperation Agency (CIDCA), China has channeled resources to support healthcare, education, and infrastructure development in developing nations, strengthening its global image as a responsible and compassionate actor.

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