Foreign Affairs
China’s Vision: Forging a Global South Community

The Summit of the Group of 77 (G77) and China took place in Havana, Cuba, with 31 heads of state, government, international and regional organizations, and high-level delegations from 116 countries. China and other developing countries have been focusing on development, coordination, and cooperation to address current challenges and make global governance fairer and more equitable.

The world is undergoing significant changes, with developing countries becoming stronger and South-South cooperation playing a crucial role in driving global economic growth. However, unilateralism and hegemonism are rampant, with some countries resorting to practices such as unilateral sanctions, decoupling, and disruption of industrial and supply chains.

Developing countries aim to strengthen solidarity, cooperation, and uphold equity and justice, while making global governance fairer and more equitable. The summit adopted the Havana Declaration, stressing the urgent need for a comprehensive reform of the international financial architecture and a more inclusive approach to global financial governance. The G77 and China, practicing true multilateralism, represent a force of justice pursuing solidarity, cooperation, and development, safeguarding international equity and justice, making a stronger voice of developing countries.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres referred to the G77 and China as “a champion of multilateralism,” stating they will always be essential for the UN system. As the world’s largest developing nation, China is committed to building a Global South community with a shared future, encouraging developing countries to stay true to their original aspirations for independence and collective strength through unity.

China’s commitment to South-South cooperation is a key factor in maintaining world peace and tranquility. The country provides development assistance to over 160 countries, collaborates with over 150 countries in building the Belt and Road, and works with over 100 countries and international organizations to advance the Global Development Initiative (GDI). It maintains close communication with G77 members to optimize resource allocation, ensure efficient use of public goods, and resolve development problems.

Participants from various countries believe that China’s active promotion of South-South cooperation has played a significant role in promoting social progress and improving human welfare in developing countries. Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega noted that China’s assistance to Asia, Africa, and Latin America is provided without conditions, contributing to the social progress and well-being of developing countries.

Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, the BRI, the GDI, the Global Security Initiative, and the Global Civilization Initiative. This approach offers a Chinese approach to lasting peace, greater development, and closer cooperation in the world.

The declaration approved by the summit incorporates multiple Chinese ideas and propositions, stating that relevant parties should strive to achieve global development and win-win cooperation based on extensive consultation, joint contribution, and shared benefits. This aligns with the trend of establishing a new international order featuring equity and justice.

China stands on the right side of history, believing that a just cause should be pursued for the common good. Regardless of the stage of development, China will always be part of the developing world and a member of the Global South.

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