Explained: How is development affecting environment?

This earth a better place than when you came upon it.” Taking away its green identity from the earth in the name of development is like committing a crime. Separating fish from the water, separating the wood from the forest, setting forests on fire, allowing foreign invasive plants to attack biodiversity, killing wetlands before they die, not even dialysis Man has learned very well in the last few decades. Perhaps for this day,

There is no dearth of true environmentalists in a country like India, but still, it seems that the human civilization galloping on the highway of development has never ignored the environment, ecosystem, ecology, and biodiversity as much as it is today.  Dangerous plants like Lantana have found shelter in national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Incidents have been witnessed in Bellandur Lake in Karnataka burning for hours inside the lake, foam mixed with industrial waste floating on the streets of Bengaluru like a tsunami of foam.

Destruction of wetlands has caused devastating floods in Chennai, and places like Mumbai and Kerala have faced severe flooding. Global warming and climate change have badly affected the life of the common man today. These two do not discriminate against anyone. Whether rich or poor, employed or unemployed, developed country or developing country, all are victims of their oppression. Air, soil, water, farming, farming, health, work, and milch animals are all under the control of these two. Animals, birds, rivers, ponds, waterfalls, seas, oceans, wetlands, coral reefs, and mangroves are losing their identity.

But we do not try to win the harmony of the earth. Human civilization has created new paradigms of development, today we do not see a firefly, do not hear the sweet cooing of the cuckoo, and neither a peacock nor peacock, a squirrel is also less visible. The battle between the snake and the mongoose is also being lost. Due to the increasing temperature of the earth, their life has become miserable. Apart from Mika Singh, these two also set fire to Sawan. Animals are becoming extinct, people are unaware that the sixth mass extinction will wipe out wild animals and plants. Many creatures will become past like dinosaurs. People don’t have any problem with this, if a small pangolin dies, the Great Indian Bustard dies. In these cases, both the tongue and ear are missing. But at the same time, it is also true that the earth has infinite melodious music for those who love this earth, and who want to listen to it.

Taking an important decision on the occasion of International Biodiversity Day on May 22, 2019, the Ministry of Environment, Government of India, decided that photographs of endangered animals like star turtles, tigers and pangolins would be displayed at all important airports in India so that people could be told that It is possible that illegal smuggling of these animals is taking place, which is necessary for all of us to deal with. IUCN has said that in the last decade, the pangolin is the most trafficked animal in the whole world. Pangolin is the only mammal in the world whose body is covered with many layers of skin made of keratin. It is trafficked mainly for its tongue.

Pangolin’s tongue is longer than its entire body, its length is about 40 cm. This tongue is cut to make a wine tonic and given to pregnant or lactating women in tribal communities of India to increase strength. It is believed that many types of skin-related diseases go away from it. The common pangolin found all over India is classified as Endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, while the Chinese pangolin found only in the North Eastern Indian states is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN in its Red Data List. has been included Similarly in India Great Indian Bustard, Snow Leopard, Olive Ridley Turtles, Sea Cow, Sea Cucumber, Lion-tailed Monkey, Nilgiri Tahr, and Songbirds of South India are facing the threat of extinction.

If ISRO and NASA figures are to be believed then desertification is on the rise Today a large part of India has come in T. ISRO has said in its report that about 30 per cent of Indian land has become a victim of land degradation. 29.3 million hectares of India’s land is a victims of degradation. Degradation and desertification are spreading rapidly in Delhi, Tripura, Nagaland, Himachal, and Mizoram. Whereas states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu are responsible for 24 per cent of India’s desertification.

At the same time, the report of the Center for Science and Environment says that desertification has reached 90 per cent of the states of India and 96.4 million hectares of land are suffering from the outbreak of desertification. Out of 328.72 million hectares of India, such a large part is running away from us. Immediate measures will have to be taken to deal with all these, by reining in the pace of the rest of the work, otherwise neither the earth will remain nor the flute will play.

The oceans are suffocating due to increasing pollution in the oceans, especially plastic pollution. The World Wide Fund for Nature’s Living Blue Planet report says that by 2050 there will be fewer fish and more plastic in the oceans. When a person living in any corner of the world starts having breathlessness, he turns to the doctor in a panic, the creatures living inside the sea also suffocate due to the leakage of sea oil, plastics, sea nets and global warming. These poor innocent creatures don’t even have doctors, they have to take care of themselves.

Take the example of coral i.e. sea algae. Today the phenomenon of coral bleaching has started making the oceans sick. The coral found at the bottom of the ocean has a sweet relationship with the algae found in the same neighbourhood. Algae have a home in the tissue of coral. Algae produce oxygen inside the coral’s body and help the coral to get rid of its waste material. The algae supply the corals with glucose, glycerol and amino acids, which are products of photosynthesis and are essential for this activity. Coral makes proteins, fats and carbohydrates with the help of these products and by making them it can produce calcium carbonate for itself. Coral does not forget this favour, it also provides a safe environment necessary for photosynthesis for algae. Here the question arises why have we suddenly started discussing coral algae?

So the answer is that villains like global warming and climate change have made life difficult for these two heroes of the ocean. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that if the sea temperature rises by one degree Celsius, the algae have to leave the body of their fellow coral, that is, the algae start moving out of the coral’s tissue, making it difficult for the coral to get oxygen. Goes, their breath starts uprooting and the colour of the tissue starts turning white and he dies after losing the battle for his right to self-determination in the sea. You know who is responsible for this death, you understand right – environmental pollution and an insensitive nation. The countries of the world have become accountants for profit by taking account books.

The foundation of marine biodiversity rests on these coral reefs. Don’t know how much environmental capital is there in the world, which is in danger, but developed countries mean by economic capital. The quality of the environment, the only way is to get everyone involved. the voice of a true environment lover, it would be “Three kg spade is my pen, earth is my book, trees and plants are my words, I have written green history on this earth.

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