History Today: 30 June 2023

1700 Gregorian calendar was introduced in Gelderland.

1737 Russo-Turkish War, 1735–1739: Russian forces sack the Ottoman stronghold of Ockov and 4,000 Turks are taken prisoner, according to Field Marshal Munich.

1853 Georges-Eugène Haussmann is elected as prior of the Seine (department) to begin the rebirth of Paris.

1855 The Santhals of Rajmahal Hills, Santhal-Parganas, Bihar, under the leadership of Sindhu and Kanhu at Bhorandheji in Bengali, began their agitation against the ill-treatment meted out to them by the British, revenue officials, police, landlords and moneylenders.

1876 ​​Serbia declares war on Türkiye.

1882 Charles J. Guiteau, the assassin of the US President, is hanged in Washington DC.

1886 Royal Holloway College for Women was established by Queen Victoria in England near London.

1894 Tower Bridge of London, a combined bascule and ascension bridge over the River Thames, opens.

1921 The death penalty was abolished in Sweden.

In 1934 AD, Germany’s dictator Adolf Hitler eliminated the opponents in his National Socialist Party.

1962 The countries of Rwanda and Burundi became independent.

1962 The last soldier of the French Foreign Legion leaves Algeria.

1963 A car bomb intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.

1971 The Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft suffers an uncontrolled incursion during preparations to defend the cosmos, killing cosmonauts Vladislav Volkov, Georgy Dobrovolsky and Viktor Patsaev – the only nonhuman deaths in space.

1984 John Turner becomes the 17th Prime Minister of Canada

1987 The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the Canadian one-dollar currency, commonly known as the lone.

In 1990 East Germany and West Germany merge their economies. German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunification of Germany, and when Berlin became a single rejoined city. The end of the unification process is officially known as German reunification.

In 1990 East and West Germany merge their economies.

1997, British rule over Hong Kong ended.

In 2005, same-sex marriage was legalized in Spain.

In 2012 Mohamed Morsi becomes the President of Egypt.

1876 ​​Serbia declares war on Türkiye.1990 East and West Germany merge their economies.199720052012 Mohamed Morsi becomes the President of Egypt.British rule over Hong Kong ended.History Today: 30 June 2023same-sex marriage was legalized in Spain.