HISTORY TODAY: July 3rd, 2023

Portugal gave Mumbai and Tanjore to King Charles II of England in 1661.

Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was hanged in 1746 on the orders of the Mughal emperor. In 1710 he defeated the Mughals.

The Maratha army captured Delhi in 1760.

Prussia declared war on India in 1778.

America started the first savings bank ‘The Bank of Savings in New York’ in 1819.

Freedom fighter Basudev Balwant Phadke was arrested in 1879.

The stock exchange, Dow Jones published its first stock index in 1884.

The New York Tribune became the first newspaper to use a typewriter in 1886.

Italian scientist Marconi patented the radio in London in 1897.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was arrested by the British government in 1908 on charges of treason.

The first colour TV program was broadcast in London in 1928.

The US Congress approved the Constitution of Puerto Rico in 1952.

The French President declared the independence of Algeria in 1962.

An aeroplane with 105 passengers went missing in Spain in 1970.

Jim Morrison, the famous singer of the American rock band ‘The Doors, was found dead in his Paris home in 1971.

The Shimla Agreement was signed in 1972 after the Indo-Pakistani War.

In 1972, there was a disarmament agreement on Kashmir between India’s Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistan.

The construction of the Vidyasagar Setu, also known as the Second Howrah Bridge in Kolkata, began in 1979.

In 1990, 1,426 Haj pilgrims died in a stampede in the tunnel leading from Mecca to Medina.

The Earth Summit began in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil).

Maria Sharapova of Russia became the female Wimbledon champion in 2004.

Mahesh Bhupathi and Mary Pierce won the mixed doubles title of Wimbledon Tennis in 2005.

In 2006, Spain expected India to become the world’s third-largest economy.

The dalit conference in New York started in 2008.

The Egyptian military overthrew President Mohamed Morsi in 2013.

Achal Kumar Jyoti was appointed as the Chief Election Commissioner of India in 2017.

Shah Shuja (Mughal), son of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, was born in 1616.

Kafka, the author of the Republic, was born in 1883.

India’s famous social worker, freedom fighter and educationist Hansa Mehta was born in 1897.

Adoor Gopalakrishnan, one of the top filmmakers of Malayalam cinema and India, was born in 1941.

Hollywood’s famous actor Tom Cruise was born in 1962.

Marathi Nirguna’s saint poet Namdev died in 1350.

Theodor Herzl, the founder of International Zionism, died in 1904.

Jim Morrison, the famous singer of the American rock band ‘The Doors, died in 1971.

Andrei Gromyko, the President of the Soviet Union, died in 1989.

Hindi film actor Raj Kumar passed away in 1996.

Manoj Kumar Pandey, Param Vir Chakra awarded Indian soldier, passed away in 1999.

Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal, the 36th former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India, died in 2015.

2023HistoryHISTORY TODAYHISTORY TODAY: July 3rdJuly 3rd 2023