Today in History

Today in History June 28

  • 1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Karboga of Mosul. Kerboga was Atabeg of Mosul during the First Crusade and was renowned as a soldier. He was a Turk who attributed his success to his military genius.
  • 1461 – Edward IV is crowned King of England. Edward IV was King of England until he died in 1483. He was the first Yorkist king of England.
  • 1519 – Charles V is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1651 – The Battle of Beresteko between Poland and Ukraine begins. It was a battle of a Cossack uprising in Ukraine that took place after the end of the Two Years of Tragedy in 1648–1657. Fought for three days from June 28 to 30, 1651, the battle took place in the Volhynia province, in the mountainous plain south of the Styr River.
  • 1748 – More than 200 people were killed in riots that broke out in protest against the public hanging of two people in Amsterdam.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War—South Carolina militias attempt an attack on Charleston.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: South Carolina militia repel a British attack on Charleston.
  • 1795 – The French government announces that the heir to the French throne has died of illness (many doubt this statement)
  • 1820 – Tomatoes proved to be non-toxic.
  • 1820 – Tomato was proved to be a non-poisonous vegetable.
  • 1838 – Queen Victoria is coronated at Westminster Abbey, London.
  • 1838 – Britain’s Queen Victoria was crowned at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1841 – Giselle, a ballet by the French composer Adolphe Adam, is premiered at the Théâtre de l’Académie Royale de Musique in Paris.
  • 1846 – Belgian clarinettist Adolphe Sax received a patent for the saxophone.
  • 1880 – Australian bank robber and cultural icon Nedkelly are captured by police after a gun battle in Glenrowan, Victoria.
  • 1883 – The first European central electric power station is inaugurated in Milan, Italy.
  • 1884 – The Norwegian Association for Women’s Rights was established.
  • 1895 – The United States Court of Private Land Claims ruled that the 18,600 square miles (48,000 km) claimed by James Reavis in what is now Arizona and New Mexico was ‘wholly fictitious and fraudulent’.
  • 1895 – El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
  • 1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, are assassinated (a portrait stained with Ferdinand’s blood) by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo, at the outbreak of World War I.
  • 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with an attack by the National Army of the Irish Free State on the Four Courts Building, which was occupied by the Anti-Treaty Irish Republican Army.
  • 1926 – Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz by merging their two companies. Karl Friedrich Benz was a German engine designer and engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine. Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler was an engineer, industrial designer and industrialist.
  • 1926 – Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merge companies to form Mercedes-Benz.
  • 1926 – Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merge companies to form Mercedes-Benz.
  • 1942 – World War II—The German Wehrmacht launches Case Blue, beginning the summer offensive to drive the Soviets out of Alwar.
  • 1956 – Workers demanding better conditions stage a mass protest in Ponna?, Poland, but are violently suppressed the next day by 400 tanks and 000 soldiers of the Polish People’s Army and Internal Security Corps.
  • 1965 – The first commercial satellite, Early Bird (Intelsat I), begins communications service.
  • 1969 – In response to a police raid on the Stonewall Inn in New York City, groups of gay and transgender people begin rioting against New York City police officers, a watershed event for the worldwide homosexuality movement.
  • 1972 – US President Richard Nixon announced that no new format for Vietnam
  • 1981 – Three prominent officials of the Islamic Republican Party of Iran are killed when a bomb explodes at the party’s headquarters in Tehran.
  • 1981 – China opened the road to Kailash and Mansarovar.
  • 1989 – Serbian President Slobodan Milošević gave a speech in which he described the possibility of an ‘armed struggle’ in the future of Serbia’s national development.
  • 2004 – The Coalition Provisional Authority disbands after Iraq is handed over to the Iraqi Interim Government.
  • 2005 – War in Afghanistan – Three US Navy SEALs and 16 US Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed during a failed counteroffensive in Kunar Province, Afghanistan.
  • 2007 – Apple’s first smartphone, known as the iPhone, came into the market.
  • 2009 – Honduran President Manuel Zelaya is ousted by local military forces after his attempt to hold a referendum to change the Honduran constitution allows him to serve a second term.
  • 2012-14 people were killed and 50 were injured in serial bomb blasts in Iraq.