Foreign Affairs
United States-Mexico Relations: Future of US-Mexico relations

The United States were the site of civilizations such as the Mena and the Aztecs. The country was later invaded by Spain in 1919 which led to a long colonial period that ended in the 19th century when the country finally gained independence in the War of Independence.

Mexico- US War

This dispute arose when the US annexed Texas and the Mexican government refused to recognize the annexation of Texas as a precursor to the annexation.

The war, which began in 1846 and lasted for 2 years, was settled by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo which saw Mexico ceding its lands to the United States, including California. Mexico ceded some of its territory (southern Arizona and New Mexico) to the United States in 1854 through the Goddard Purchase.

1910 Revolution

The Revolution of 1910 ended the rule of dictatorial President Porfirio Diaz. In the elections, when the American-backed Díaz was declared the winner of the 1910 elections, he supported his opponent the Democrat Francisco Medoro.

During the war, the revolutionary army formed different groups as they were divided as a unified goal of Diaz – leading to civil war. US universities intervened in the Madhes with the involvement of the US Embassy in the 1913 coup d’état.


A major issue of contention between the two countries is immigration to the U.S. from Mexico, which has been heavily criticized in Mexico, fueled by fear of the September 11 attackers crossing through Mexico, to tighten immigration restrictions from Mexico. Construction of a fence along the Mexican- US border.

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

NAFT eliminated the Mexico-USbach trophy and other trade barriers and serves as a multilateral platform for cooperation between the two countries.

The agreement helped both countries in terms of trade volume and cooperation. NAFTA has come under attack from Mexican and American farmers and from the political left and it affects the interests of local small farmers in both the US and Mexico.

In Latin American politics, Mexico has served as a policy weapon for the new populist policies from which Venezuela and Bolivia are known. This has led to some accusations in Latin America that Mexico is following US orders to Australia.

The biggest disagreement between the left and the current Mexican leadership is the expansion of the US-led trade highway, which is the traditional view of Mexico, in favour of a more regional approach in favour of Latin American cooperation and empowerment.

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