Foreign Affairs
What is India-Bangladesh illegal immigration dispute?

The India-Bangladesh illegal immigration dispute refers to the issue of illegal immigration from Bangladesh into India, which has been a contentious topic between the two countries for decades. The porous border between India and Bangladesh has made it easy for people to cross over illegally, leading to a large influx of Bangladeshi migrants into India.

India has accused Bangladesh of not doing enough to curb illegal immigration, which it says poses a threat to national security and puts a strain on resources in certain regions of the country.

On the other hand, Bangladesh has accused India of mistreating Bangladeshi migrants, including detention and deportation without due process. Bangladesh has also raised concerns about the impact of the border fence on cross-border trade and cultural ties between the two countries.

The issue remains a sensitive one for both countries, with occasional flare-ups of violence and tension. However, both India and Bangladesh have taken steps to address the issue, such as improving border management and implementing joint initiatives to tackle illegal immigration.

What are the current major issues between India-Bangladesh?

India and Bangladesh have had a complex and sometimes strained relationship, but in recent years there has been significant progress in their bilateral ties. While there are still some outstanding issues between the two countries, the overall relationship has been improving.

The current major issues between India and Bangladesh:

  • Rohingya crisis: The Rohingya refugee crisis is a major concern for both India and Bangladesh. India has been accused of pushing back Rohingya refugees who have crossed over into Indian territory, while Bangladesh has been hosting a large number of Rohingya refugees in overcrowded camps.
  • Teesta River water-sharing: The sharing of Teesta River water has been a contentious issue between India and Bangladesh for many years. The two countries have been negotiating a water-sharing agreement for the river, which is critical for the agriculture sector in both countries, but an agreement has not been reached yet.
  • Trade imbalance: Bangladesh has a significant trade deficit with India, which is a cause for concern for the country. Bangladesh has been urging India to address the trade imbalance by reducing tariff and non-tariff barriers on Bangladeshi goods.
  • Border management: The porous border between India and Bangladesh has been a longstanding issue, with illegal immigration, smuggling, and other illicit activities being major concerns for both countries. Both countries have been taking steps to improve border management, including the construction of border fences and increased patrolling.
  • Power supply: India has been supplying electricity to Bangladesh, but there have been concerns about the quality and reliability of the power supply. Bangladesh has been urging India to address these issues and provide a more reliable power supply to the country.

India and Bangladesh, the two countries have been working towards strengthening their relationship and addressing these issues through dialogue and cooperation.

Why is there a problem with Bangladeshi infiltrators in India?

The problem of illegal immigration from Bangladesh into India, and has been a contentious issue for both countries for decades.

  • Porous border: The border between India and Bangladesh is porous, and there are many areas where it is easy for people to cross over illegally. This makes it difficult for Indian authorities to keep track of who is entering the country and for what purpose.
  • Economic reasons: Many people from Bangladesh come to India in search of better economic opportunities. They often work in low-skilled jobs in the informal sector and are paid less than Indian workers, which makes them attractive to employers.
  • Political reasons: Some people come to India from Bangladesh for political reasons, such as persecution or to escape political instability.
  • Lack of opportunities in Bangladesh: Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a high population density and limited resources. This means that there are limited economic opportunities in the country, and many people are forced to seek opportunities elsewhere.

The problem of illegal immigration from Bangladesh has led to various issues in India, such as social tensions, political controversies, and security concerns.  However, the issue remains a sensitive one for both countries, and a long-term solution will require cooperation and dialogue between India and Bangladesh.

BangladeshForeign AffairsForeign policyIndiaIndia BangladeshIndia-Bangladesh borderIndia-Bangladesh illegal immigrationWhat is India-Bangladesh illegal immigration dispute?