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Political Crisis in the US Partners Nation

Currently, the world is going through political instability and Ukraine crisis. The Ukraine crisis has been going on for five months. On the one hand, while the world is standing at one pole with the Ukraine crisis, Russia is standing at the other pole.

On the other hand, the Western powers and NATO allies are also going through an internal political crisis in the country. The political crisis has been seen deepening in Western countries and in the countries of the US-led NATO alliance. Around half of the 30 NATO members are currently reeling from the internal political crisis

Political Crisis in NATO Nations

Britain, an important member of the alliance, is currently under a caretaker government. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson resigned as the leader of Tory Leader on July 7, paving the way for a new leader, to rule the country as the caretaker PM.

More than 60 members of Johnson’s cabinet resigned within 48 hours, with Health Secretary Sajid Javid and Chancellor Rishi Sunak resigning on 5 July.

He was forced to resign on July 7, has announced that he would fight until the end the day before his resignation. Now Britain is in the process of electing a new Prime Minister.

The Conservative Party, which has the majority in the House, has advanced the parliamentary party election process. After being elected the leader of the Conservative Party, he will become the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

In Italy, the Draghi-led government is in Trouble

The political crisis has been deepening in Italy since this week. The government led by Mario Draghi, who came to power after the political crisis in 2021, is also in shambles. Draghi became Prime Minister after the resignation of then Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. With Conte’s broad coalition, the 5-Star Movement party withdrawing its support for the government, his government in a way to collapse. According to a report by BBC, The prime minister has insisted repeatedly that the government will not continue without a 5-Star.

Draghi resigned due to the lack of confidence in the parliament regarding the economic situation of the country. However, his resignation was rejected by President Sergio Mattarella.

It was there because of the COVI-19 crisis and the Ukraine crisis. Former Prime Minister Conte’s party disagreed with the Prime Minister’s policy of a multi-billion package of economic aid for families and businesses.

Italian mayors and business associations have asked not to resign. They have requested not to resign saying that if they resign, the political crisis will deepen and the economic crisis of the country will deepen.

The mayors of 110 cities have written an open letter and have asked the Prime Minister not to leave his post and to fulfil the responsibility of all parties.

Also difficult in Bulgaria

Currently, NATO country Bulgaria is going through political instability. Only last Wednesday, Prime Minister Kiril Petkov, was removed through a vote of no confidence. Along with this, the country is stuck in a political crisis after three elections were held last year.

While 123 MPs voted in favour of the motion of no confidence, only 116 members of the 240-member House stood against the motion.

The Petkov’s government, which came to power in the name of ‘We Continue Change’, collapsed within 6 months.

Bulgaria had three general elections in 2021 amid political instability. After the elections held in April and July, no party could form the government, and the election was held again in November.

The cause of this crisis is the Russia-Ukraine war. Bulgaria is dependent on Russian gas. Power has fallen due to a dispute within the ruling coalition over whether or not to impose a ban on gas imports from Russia.

Estonia is suffering from hyperinflation

Recently, Estonia has also experienced a political crisis. There, the coalition collapsed as the ruling coalition clashed over the Ukraine crisis.

The coalition collapsed in June when Prime Minister Kaja Kallas sacked seven ministers from the coalition’s Center Party. They were accused of having ties to the United Russia party, the party of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

With the Russian attack on Ukraine, the Prime Minister broke the alliance with the Center Party which has ties to the Russian party.

In the 2019 elections, when no party could get a majority, the second party formed a coalition government.

However, in 2021, there was a change of power again. He resigned on 13 January after his party was accused of involvement in criminal activities in 2021. Then Kallas became the prime minister.

She broke the alliance after the Ukraine crisis. She resigned on July 14 after failing to form a new coalition. However, the President has given him the mandate to form a new government.

As the political crisis deepens since June, Estonia, a member of the European Union and NATO, with a population of 1.3 million, has seen the highest inflation ever and, the highest in Europe.

Political deadlock

Meanwhile, France has also reached a state of ‘political deadlock’. The party of Emmanuel Macron, who was re-elected as president only two months ago, has been defeated in the parliamentary elections. Marcone’s party Ensemble lost the majority in the National Assembly in the elections held last June.

Although 289 votes are needed for a majority in the 577-member parliament, Macron’s party has only 245 seats. In his first term, he got the nickname of ‘Jupiter’ and ruled like a single Jupiter. He had a majority in parliament. He could bring any law he wanted. However, this time he needs the support of the opposition to pass any law. Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne resigned after failing to reach a majority in parliament. However, President Macron rejected the resignation.

After President Macron’s party lost its majority in parliament, the left-wing alliance NUPES submitted a no-confidence motion against the prime minister. 146 people voted in favour of the resolution. Even if the motion of no confidence fails, Macron will not have it as easy as in the previous term.

As 2022 approaches, Montenegro is another NATO country that has seen a change of power amid a political crisis. Demanding Zdravko Krivokapić, thousands of protests were observed in the cities around the country including the member of Krivokapić’s cabinet.  On February 4, Krivokapić’s government fell after failing to receive a vote of confidence in parliament. On February 7, the Speaker of the Parliament was deposed.

Two years after the election, the parliament of Montenegro elected Dritan Abazović as the new prime minister. With the political crisis, the pro-Serbian government was overthrown and a ‘Pro-Western’ government was established.

Since 2019, the Czech Republic is also going through a political crisis. In 2021 there was a change of power. Since the breakup of Czechoslovakia in 1993, there have been 16 governments. Petr Fiala, with the support of the five-party coalition, who became the second party in the elections, has become the Prime Minister. There has been a change of power in 2017 and 2021. With political instability and changes in coalitions, power has been changing.  Still, the political deadlock is continuing.

Albania has gone through a political crisis for the past three years. The political crisis that started in February 2019 lasted for three years, four months, and 26 days. There, the opposition parties took to the streets demanding a ‘technocrat’ government.

The opposition political parties, who boycotted the parliament for 6 months, reopened the house in January 2019. However, together they announced a mass movement. In February 2019, protestors from various cities gathered in Tirana and demanded the exit of the Edi Rama-led government and new elections. At that time, the opposition parties announced that their MPs would resign collectively. In the same year, there were continuous demonstrations in the capital. The opposition parties also boycotted the local elections held on June 30. Rama became the Prime Minister again in the elections held in 2021 amid political instability.

Major General Bajram Begaz, a retired army officer, was elected as the President in the parliamentary vote held in June 2022. There were 78 votes in his favour. While 4 people voted against, 1 person was absent and 54 opposition MPs boycotted the election. He will assume the duties of the 9th President of Albania from July 24.

After failing to hold presidential elections three consecutive times, the parliament elected the president for the fourth time. In the first three stages, there is a provision that 84 members of the 140-member Parliament should cooperate. In Albania, where there is a constitutional provision to elect the president 5 times, a half majority of the parliament is enough for the remaining two times. In which the ruling party had 74 seats. With ruling party support, a former army officer who was an independent candidate was elected president.

But when the Albanian opposition, which has recently emerged from political instability, has reached a stage of boycotting the parliament, the possibility of falling under the grip of the political crisis of 2019 has also increased.

Belgium, another NATO member, is not far from a political crisis. There were two years of powerlessness. After the elections held in May 2019, the government could not be formed there. 296 days after the election, the federal government was formed. Sophie Wilmes became Prime Minister of the caretaker government.

The opposition supported his government in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. His minority government was replaced in October 2020 by the government-led Alexander De Croo. De Croo’s government was formed 494 days after the election. A coalition government is still running there. Wilmes was Deputy and foreign minister in De Croo’s government, but she now has been replaced and PM holds the portfolio of foreign ministry too.

Where early elections are being demanded

The Netherlands also went through a political crisis last year. Similarly, North Macedonia also went through a political crisis last year. With the defeat of the US in Afghanistan, its impact was also seen in the NATO nation of North Macedonia. Prime Minister Zoran Zaev resigned in December last year.

Dimitar Kovacevski then became Prime Minister. In 2020 there were two ‘early elections’. Kovasevski became the prime minister after Zoran’s resignation. However, the opposition is protesting. They are chanting the slogan of ‘Early Election’ on the streets.

In Portugal, after the political crisis deepened last year, ‘early elections were held there this January. Unexpectedly, the centre-left Socialist Party won the parliamentary elections.

Similarly, in Romania, there was a change of power last year with the political crisis. After the elections held in December 2020, the second party came to power. However, the government collapsed within a year.

In September, the opposition party issued a no-confidence motion against the government. After the motion of no confidence was registered, the ruling coalition was divided. However, the government did not allow the no-confidence motion to proceed in the House. The minority government there collapsed on October 21 amid political strife. And a new government was formed. Now the demand for ‘early elections’ is growing in Romania.

Another country that has gone through a political crisis in 2021 in Slovakia. Although the political crisis has eased somewhat with the change of power here, there are still doubts as to how long it will last.

Ups and downs in Canada

Canada also went through a crisis at the beginning of the year. There were large demonstrations against the government. Protesters blocked the border crossing to the US.

Railroads closed in Canada, which had no history of political transition. Although the first year was easy for Justin Trudeau, the rest of the years were ups and downs.

To end, The west always thinks of itself as the leader of democracy, teaching democracy to Asia and Central Asia, but the condition of the people in their countries is fragile. They get caught in the web of internal political stability.

The US, which teaches the lessons of human rights, equality, and inclusiveness, its partners, and the members of NATO are getting caught up in the political chaos. For its benefit, the US blames others but, has a deformity in its systems.

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